Wednesday, 20 May 2015

Russia offers to upgrade SAM Strela-10M3 for India

At the last meeting of the Russia-India Inter-governmental Commission, Russia offered to upgrade India’s existing short-range Strela-10M3 mobile air defence system (surface to air missile systems) to the level of the Strela-10M4 or Strela-10MN (night version), making it more combat-worthy.



Russia has offered to upgrade India’s existing short-range Strela-10M3 mobile air defence system to the level of the Strela-10M4 or Strela-10MN (night version), Vladimir Slobodchikov, managing director (MD) of the system being developed by the Nudelman Precision Engineering Design Bureau, told RIA Novosti in an interview on Tuesday.
“During a meeting of the Russia-India Inter-governmental Commission (IGC), we made a technical proposal to India for the modernization of the Strela-10M3 SAM (surface-to-air missile) systems. A formal offer was made under the aegis of Rosoboronexport,” said Slobodchikov, Doctor of Technical Sciences and member of the Tsiolkovsky Russian Academy of Cosmonautics.
The Strela-10 SAM has been under development in the KBtochmash since the beginning of the 1970s. This SAM system has been the flagship product of the company and, by the end of the 1980s, more than 700 of these systems were produced in the Soviet Union, making the Strela-10 SAM the most mass-produced such system in the country, Slobodchikov said. More than 400 such units were delivered to other countries.
“Modernization includes the upgrading of the combat vehicle, but we will not touch the rockets. The main drawback of the earlier versions was that the system could not work at night. It did not have thermal sighting capability. These new versions – the Strela-10M4 or Strela-10MN (night version), can work at night,  primarily thanks to the introduction of autonomous sector search and target acquisition capability,” said the MD of KBtochmash, which is part of the holding company NPO Precision Complexes OJSC, owned by the state corporation Rostec.
The Strela-10M3, he said, required that the operator see the target with his own eyes, or receive targeting information from somewhere, swing the launcher installation at the target, find and capture it, and then launch the missile.
“Now the Strela-10MN (night version) has been automated, a device detects a target in the sector, transmits a command to the operator, after which the operator captures the target and shoots,” said Slobodichkov.
The Strela-10M4 SAM is designed to protect military units, in various forms of battle and on the march, from air attack and reconnaissance devices, diving and flying at low and ultra-low altitudes.

9K35 Technical Data


Основные характеристики ЗРК типа "Стрела-10"
Principal Technical Specifications of the Strela 10 SAM System
Комплекс
System
Стрела-10СВ
Strela 10SV
Стрела-10М
Strela 10M
Стрела-10М2
Strela 10M2
Стрела-10М3
Strela 10M3
Ракета
Missile
9М37
9М37М
9М37М
9М333
БМ
TELAR
9A35/9A349A35M/9A34M9A35M2/9A34M29A35M3/9A34M3
Зона поражения, км
Engagment Envelope [km]
- по дальности
- in range
0,8..5
0,8..5
0,8..5
0,8..5
- по высоте
- in altitude
0,025..3,5
0,025..3,5
0,025..3,5
0,01..3,5
- по параметру
до 3
до 3
до 3
до 3
Вероятность поражения истребителя одной ЗУР
Single Shot Pk for Fighter Type Target
0,1..0,5
0,1..0,5
0,3..0,6
0,3..0,6
Макс. скорость поражаемых целей (навстр./вдогон), м/с
Max veolicty of defeated target (approaching/receding) [m/s]
415/310
415/310
415/310
415/310
Скорость полета ЗУР, м/с
missile velocity [m/s]
517
517
517
517
Время реакции, с
Reaction time [s]
6,5
8,5
6,5
7,0
Масса ракеты, кг
Missile mass [kg]
40
40
40
42
Масса боевой части, кг
Warhead mass [kg]
3
3
3
5
Число ракет на боевой машине
Number of missiles on TELAR
4+44+44+44+4
Год принятия на вооружение
IOC
1976
1979
1981
1989
Table: Said Aminov Vestnik PVO




9K35M Battery Components


9K33M/M2/M3/A Battery Components
SystemQtyFunction/CompositionVehicle
9A35M / 9A34M1+34 + 4 Round Amphibious TELARMT-LB
9T244/9T2451Missile Transporter / TransloaderUral 4320
PPRU-1M1Mobile Command Post / Acquisition RadarMT-LBu
PU-12M / 9S738-31Mobile Command PostBTR-60
P-40/1S12 Long Track 1Self Propelled  Acquisition RadarAT-T
9V839 / 9V9152Missile Repair/Test StationGAZ-66
Repair Station1P-15, P-18, P-19, P-40 Repair/Test StationZiL-131
9F624M1Mobile Training Simulator for TELAR CrewsUral-375
9K37M48Missile Warstock Deployed -




9K33M3  Optional Battery Components
P-15M Squat Eye1UHF-Band Low Level Acquisition RadarUral-375
P-15/19 Flat Face1UHF-Band Acquisition RadarUral-375
1L22 Parol 4 / 75E6 Parol 31IFF InterrogatorKrAZ-255
PRV-16 Thin Skin1Heightfinding RadarSP

KBT 9K35M3-K Kolchan / BTR-60/70/80 TELAR


Most production 9K35 / SA-13 Gopher systems were delivered on the Soviet MT-LB amphibious tracked chassis which forms the basis of the 9A35 and 9A34 TELARs. Yugoslavia integrated the 9K35 Strela 10SV system on an indigenous tracked chassis before the Balkans civil war and some of these systems were deployed during OAF.

More recently the late model 9K35M3 Strela 10M3 / SA-13 Gopher system has been integrated on a wheeled amphibious chassis under the designation 9K35M3-K Kolchan by KBT. The demonstrator for this design was fitted to a legacy BTR-60PBM 8 x 8 personnel carrier and displayed at the MAKS 2007 arms show in Moscow. The BTR-60PBM is a refurbished, relifed and re-engined baseline BTR-60, recognised by the enlarged aft engine bay.


Modifications to the BTR-60PBM series vehicle include replacement of the powered BPU-1 series automatic gun turret with the 9M35M3 TELAR turret previously designed for the MT-LB chassis, and the addition of side mounted magazines for four reload rounds. 


The choice of the GAZ BTR-60PB series vehicle is almost certainly a result of the vast existing user base of this family of vehicles, which was more widely exported than any other Soviet armoured personnel carrier. The successor 1970s BTR-70 and 1980s BTR-80 were exported  as widely as the BTR-60, the 1990s BTR-90 is operated only by Russia. The similarity in hull designs across this family of vehicles would permit adaptation of the demonstrator design to any of the BTR-60/70/80/90 series hulls. Conversion of existing in service BTR-60/70/80/90 series vehicles into the 9K35M3-K Kolchan is significantly cheaper than the manufacture of new MT-LB vehicles, which are also more expensive to operate than wheeled vehicles of similar size. Numerous life extension and engine upgrades are available for the BTR-60/70/80/90 family of vehicles. The BTR-60/70/80/90 are Russian equivalents to the US LAV-25 and Stryker family of 8 x 8 personnel carriers.


The 9K35M3-K Kolchan 9A35M3-K and 9A34M3-K TELARs are more capable than the fielded 1980s 9A35M3 and 9A34M3 TELARs, and this qualifies the system as a new variant rather than block upgrade. Battery composition emulates the earlier variants, with one of four TELARs equipped with an RF passive detection system. KBT have not identified a specific battery transporter/transloader vehicle to date, other than the existing Ural 6 x 6 9T244/245 transloader series an amphibous option are relifed BTR-60P/70/80 personnel carrier variants, or the current production GAZ-59037 8 x 8 flatbed transporter, based on the BTR-80/90 vehicles.


The new digital fire control system includes a new Focal Plane Array technology uncooled optical acquisition and tracking sensor with a 12º x 16º FOV, an Okhotnik digital image processing system claimed to improve detection range by 30% to 70%, and a Trona-1 moving map and navigation display system.


BTR-60PB and BTR-60PBM-A1 Comparison
VariantBTR-60PBBTR-60PBM-A1
Combat weight, kg1030010250/11250*
Overall dimensions:
– length
– width
– height (over turret)

7220
2825
2310

7220
2825
1210/2960*
Top speed over highway, at least, km/h8090
Top water speed, at least, km/h99
Fuel range, km500550
Water endurance, hrs1112
Obstacle capabilities:
– gradient, deg
– trench, m

30
up to 2

30
up to 2
Engine type2 × carburetor2 × turbocharged diesel
Engine power, hp2 × 902 × 110
Source: http://www.minotor-service.com/en/btr-60pbm-a1-and-btr-70m-a1-apc.html
BTR-70 and BTR-70M-A1 Comparison
VariantBTR-70BTR-70M-A1
Combat weight, kg1050011450/12450*
Overall dimensions, mm:
– length
– width
– height (over turret)

7535
2800
2235

7535
2800
2235/2885*
Top speed over highway, at least, km/h8095
Top water speed, at least, km/h99
Fuel range, km500550
Water endurance, hrs1011
Obstacle capabilities:
– gradient, deg.
– trench, m

30
up to 2

30
up to 2
Engine type2 × carburetor2 × turbocharged diesel
Engine power, hp2 × 1202 × 136

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