Tuesday, 31 March 2015

Complete information on India's second Akula SSN K-322 Kashalot & Analysis Part-2

AKULA-IV (name AKULA-IV conditional.) - the project of modernization of PLA pr.971. Parent boat - K-328 "Leopard" (zav.№832), repair the modernization project of the boat is being SRH "Zvezdochka" (Severodvinsk), the contract with the Russian Defense Ministry signed 27.12.2012, the responsibility of the ship deliverer - Nicholas Clear. Modernization will affect virtually all systems - navigation, navigator, underwater acoustics, and other electronic systems, complex weapons, the main power plant turbines. As a result of these works, "Leopard" will be assigned to a generation "3+". It is planned to modernize the forces of SRH "Star" 6 PLA pr.971. 'The Leopard' arrived at CA "Zvezdochka" at the end of June 2011. Within five months, was made ​​the bulk of the work on the inspection of the material part of the submarine. At the end of April 2012, the ship was raised on a solid foundation. In the dock was completed on the inspection of the docking, clean housing, unloaded inhibitor. Two weeks after the docking operation "Leopard" has taken its place in the shed and the ship turned intensive work on dismantling the equipment. Complete unloading of the equipment is planned for June 2013. As of the beginning of April 2013, CA "Star" there is not a full set of design documentation, which the designer was to provide a shipyard six months ago. RKD absence hinders the development of processes for dismantling and repair ( source ). 02.13.2014 was reported that in 2015 a modernized PLA "Leopard" is planned to transfer the Russian Navy, while also notes that the works are behind schedule due to delays RKD. Following the first PLA modernization is planned there is still one from the Northern Fleet submarines and two submarines to the Pacific Fleet.


PLA pr.971 projection from the booklet SPMBM "Malachite" with interior IMDS-2011 (from the archive Gogs, http://forums.airbase.ru/ ).Projections options pr.971 PLA (Figure Diletant2010, corrections, version 29.04.2010 Mr. ).



Status : the Soviet Union and Russia
- 1987 January - the first starts CBRC "Garnet" with the head of PLA pr.971 K-284.
- 1988 - at the head of PLA K-284 after the modifications adopted by the SJC CIM-540 "Skate 3".
- 1990 - completed the test head submarines K-284 and all systems pr.971. - 1990 April 6 - dive submarines K-480 (future "Leopard") for the maximum depth of over 400 m (Norwegian Sea).
- Summer 1990 - the first combat service PLA pr.971 - Pacific Fleet, 45th Division submarine submarines K-322 - senior campaign deputy division commander captain Sidenko Konstantin Semenovich. Duration tracking foreign submarines in the campaign has been more than 14 days (354 hours). It was the best result - time tracking foreign submarines exceeded the best achievements of the Soviet Navy submarines. Including through a system of SOX.
- 1990 - the second combat service PLA pr.971 - Pacific Fleet, 45th Division submarine, submarines K-263, commanded by Captain 1st Rank Alexei Mishin Zhukovsky. It was the first and last combat service PLA K-263 - further perfected on PLA combat training crews connection. Since 1998, the PLA stands next to the PLA in the "sludge."
- Summer 1991 - the third combat service PLA pr.971 - Pacific Fleet, 45th Division submarine, submarines K-391 - a senior campaign deputy division commander captain Sidenko Konstantin S. .. Results of tracking foreign submarines better than in the first combat duty PLA pr.971.
- 1992 - military service PLA pr.971 K-331 (PF, 45th division of submarines, a senior campaign - deputy division commander captain Sergei Vasin Ye). Set a new record for the Russian Navy tracking foreign submarines.
- 1993 - on PLA K-391 (head number 514) is made in the last Navy missile shooting complex "Pomegranate", a senior on board Rear Admiral Y. Kirillov
- Spring 1995 - K-419 "Walrus" (Head. №516) during military service solved problems in remote areas of the Pacific Ocean off the western coast of the United States. Senior campaign - the division commander, Rear Admiral Sidenko KS PLA acted in a rigid system of anti-submarine warfare by the PLC US. Hike partly wore demonstrative character. It was the first contact with the US NAVY PLA Improved AKULA (K-419 "Walrus"), which showed that at a speed of less than 9.6 kt support PLA ASW sonar impossible (Jeremy Boord, Admiral, Chief of Operations US NAVY). 

- 1996 - the last year for which the PLA K-317 "Patnera" launched last power plant in operation, the main turbine generators.
- 1997 October 6 - unfinished PLA "Lynx" (Head. №837) removed from the building at "Sevmash" and excluded from the Navy. 
- 1997 - the Pacific Fleet from the 45th Division submarine boats pr.971 transferred to the 10th Division protivoavianosnuyu submarines of the Pacific Fleet.

- 1997 - HEAD TO PLA-335 "Cheetah" more than 80%, there is information about recycling of PLA zav.№№520 and 521.
- 1998 January 22 - unfinished PLA "Cougar" (factory №836) removed from the building at "Sevmash" and excluded from the Navy. 
- 1998 September 11 - on submarines K-157 "Wild Boar" Kuz'minykh sailor killed eight fellow soldiers and wounded officer. Sailor shot special group of FSB during the storming of the compartment in which he tried to barricade themselves, threatening to blow up the rocket.

- 1998 - PLA K-328 "Leopard" Northern Fleet made ​​a long march which resulted in the PLA commander Captain First Rank S.V.Spravtsevu awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation. - September 1999 - on PLA K-317 "Panther" Northern Fleet delivered to Severodvinsk in tow rescue ship "Admiral Chiker" for routine supportive reconditioning.


- 2000 January 29 - on submarines K-461 "Wolf" in the sea during a storm washed overboard two officers who tried to solve the problem.Could not be saved. 

- 2000 beginning of the year - of 24 submarine division SF Russian submarines K-317 "Panther" K-461 "Wolf" K-328 "Leopard" K-154 "Tiger" K-157 "Wild Boar" K-335 "Cheetah". PLA K-480 "Ak Bars" is in Gadzhiyevo sludge in the division.


From left to right - PLA K-317 "Panther" and PLA K-154 "Tiger" at the wall by "Sevmash", Severodvinsk. 2000-2001, (File photo Curious,http://forums.airbase.ru ).
- 2000-2005, - Hull structures PLA "Cougar" and "Lynx" (factory №№ 836 and 837, as well as software №838 "Sevmash") at the suggestion of leadership, "Sevmash" used in the completion of SSBN pr.955 "Yury Dolgoruky" (according to an interview Kovalev in the film "Submarine Squadron" Sevmash ", 2006).

Use of hull structures PLA №№836 and 837 "Sevmash" for the construction of SSBN "Yury Dolgoruky" pr.955 . The bottom image - unit turbine and reactor (Stills' Underwater squadron "Sevmash". Studio "Sevmashfilm", 2006)
- 2001 - PLA "Cheetah" Navy commissioned by the use of the software "Sevmash" own funds in the amount of 542 million. Rubles. At the same time in state budgets in 2001-2002 funds to repay the debt was not provided. May 2002, the company repaid the debt was not in spite of the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 26.12.2001 ( source ).
- 2002 - after a long break of PLA K-295 "Samara" (Head №517) under the command of Captain 1st Rank Chuvasheva Viktor goes on combat duty in the Pacific. Senior campaign - deputy division commander captain Alexander K. Zaika. PLA returned from the campaign, losing part of the fairing sonar system as a result of a collision with an unidentified submerged object.
- 2002 October 1 - is excluded from the fighting strength of the PLA Navy K-480 "Ak Bars" and placed onto the sludge in Saida Bay (Northern Fleet).
- 2004 January - signed a contract with India for the completion of the modernization of the PLA pr.971I (K-152 "Nerpa") for subsequent sale in the lease for 10 years. In the Indian Navy submarines to get the name of the INS "Chakra".
- In 2005-2009 - PLA pr.971 and modifications are based in the Bay Yagelnaya (Northern Fleet) and Krasheninnikov Bay (pos.Rybachy, Pacific Fleet).
- 2 November 2006 - in Severodvinsk at "Sevmash" during repairs on submarines K-317 "Panther" because of the negligence of welders caught fire cabling and fire in the third compartment. PLA restored and post-secondary repair and overhaul (upgraded avionics and SJC) came into operation January 28, 2008

- 2007 - the willingness of PLA K-152 "Nerpa" (factory №518) 86.5%, nuclear reactor loaded on PLA in 1998. Social protest is - the Pacific Fleet - PLA "Samara" and "Kuzbass" (the rest either repair or in reserve, or sludge), the Northern Fleet - "Cheetah", "boar", "Leopard", "Tiger" (the other - similar to PF).


PLA K-152 "Nerpa" pr.971I Improved AKULA goes on trial in the waters of the GCC g.Bolshoy Stone (outfitting base "Amur CVD") from the transport dock "Zeya", July 2008 (photo A.Silkin http: / /media.photobucket.com ) By SSGN-222 pr.661 - PAPA between PLA K-480 "Ak Bars" and pr.971 missile cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov" at the wall PO "Sevmash" in Severodvinsk, photo not later than 2008 (http://www.air-defense.net/forum ).



- 2008 November 8 - on submarines K-152 "Nerpa" in trials in the Sea of ​​Japan as a result of abnormal operation of fire extinguishing system in the nose compartment, killing 20 people.
- 2008-2009, - In the Russian Navy submarines pr.971 12, 6 pcs in the Northern Fleet and the Pacific Fleet. - 2009 May 11 - during a visit by Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin at the Amur CVD was examined unfinished housing factory №519 ("Irbis "). Stated that the body has a "stack" is the equipment, there is no order to the PLA Navy.






Housing and screw submarine pr.971I factory №519 in the shop №19 Amur CVD in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, May 11, 2009 (http://premier.gov.ru ) 

- 10-27 July 2009 - PLA "Nerpa" (K-152) pr.971I re-entered the sea trials (p.Bolshoy Stone, PF).


PLA K-331 "Magadan" parade in Vladivostok on the Day of the Navy of 26.07.2009 ( http://forums.airbase.ru/ ).


SSBN "Sts" PR.667BDR and submarines K-480 "Ak Bars" pr.971 the wall SRH "Star" in anticipation of cuts. Severodvinsk, Summer 2009 ( http://maillist.ru/archives ).

- 2009 September - PLA "Nerpa" (K-152) pr.971I successfully completed the third phase of sea trials. - 2009 December 28 - PLA "Nerpa" K-152 adopted in the Pacific Fleet of the Russian Navy. The ceremony was held at the receiving ship p.Bolshoy stone in the territory of the GCC "East". Transfer PLA India scheduled for 2010




PLA K-480 "Ak Bars" pr.971 on SRH "Star" on disposal. Probably shot 2009 (montage of images from the archive alex1976,http://forums.airbase.ru ).

- 2010 February 19 - at the shipyard "Zvezdochka" (Severodvinsk) on disposable PLA K-480 "Ak Bars" caught fire. Fire eliminated.Apparently, when you dispose of PLA K-480 "Ak Bars" (factory №821) at the shipyard "Star" boat butchered up shells hull, lightweight body and offal disposed of, and the shell of the pressure hull transferred to the PO "Sevmash" for use during the construction of the 3rd Corps SSBN pr.955 .


PLA K-295 "Samara" parade in Vladivostok on the Day of the Navy of 25.07.2010 ( http://forums.airbase.ru/ ).

- 2010 August 20-26 - PLA pr.971 AKULA attempt to remove an acoustic portrait of Vanguard class SSBN leaving the Royal Navy base Faslane. To protect the SSBN class submarines was sent Trafalgar.


PLA K-335 "Cheetah" pr.971, Gadjievo, December 2010 (photo - Rustem Adagamov, http://drugoi.livejournal.com/ ). PLA K-461 "Wolf" pr.971, Gadjievo, December 2010 (photo - Rustem Adagamov, http://drugoi.livejournal.com/ ).



- 2011 September - PLA K-154 "Tiger" wound up in the dock shipyard №10 "Nerpa" to undergo scheduled maintenance. - November 2011 - at the shipyard "Star" arrived submarines K-328 "Leopard" for pr.971 transmission medium repair and modernization of equipment. - 2011 February 28 - contracted WF / 1/2/0216 / GK-11-DGOZ between the Ministry of Defense of Russia and CA "Star" on the repair order pr.971 ( ist. - Annual Report for 2011 ). - 19 January 2012 - in the media reported had taken place, the fire 14.01.2012 vapor alcohol liquids on PLA K-335 "Cheetah" pr.971M AKULA-III, be inspected at the shipyard №10 in Alexandrovsk (Murmansk region). Fire allegedly occurred in the 4th compartment submarines, no casualties. On the same day - 19.01.2012, the - this information corrected head of the press service of the Western Military District Andrei Bobrun - January 14 "Cheetah" while working in the inner room ignited crashed nominal lamp portable lighting. According to the instruction immediately included extinguishing system Loch (boat bulk chemical), fire extinguished without casualties and material damage. No damage to the ignition of the bulb has not led, so the incident, according to Bobrun, is not classified as a fire or fire. 

The crew of "Cheetah" continues to work according to plan. The incident took place on January 14 in the village of Gadzhiyevo, not in the waters of the 10th SRH, as previously reported by the media. After returning from a campaign, during which the boat had problems with those at the 4th (reactor) compartment in the cubicle auxiliary equipment with two reversible converters (reversible transducer - electric machine that converts one type of current in the other), showed a reduction in insulation resistance. Boat crew to remove comments written notice to recall the factory warranty brigade, which experts together with divers under existing guidance documents planned work and started to implement it. When carrying out maintenance work on one of the converters during his dry one member of the factory team dropped nevzryvopozharobezopasnogo portable lamp performance, light broke, emerged as a result of sparks was instantaneous ignition of vapors of alcohol-acetone mixture - the working fluid, which was carried out with the help of drying electric machines. Cotton vapor led to a fire in a compartment, but caused by the automatic operation of the system volume fire Loch. The flash vapor also caused mild trauma specialist plant, which go to the hospital only at the insistence of the shipyard management - were bloated left hand and left cheek. After ambulatory care worker has been released ( http://flotprom.ru ).




PLA K-328 "Leopard" pr.971 comes to CA "Star", Severodvinsk, April 17, 2012 (photo - Oleg Kuleshov,http://kuleshovoleg.livejournal.com ).

PLA K-328 "Leopard" pr.971 repair in the docking chamber CA "Star", Severodvinsk, summer 2012 ( http://zvezdochka-ru.livejournal.com).

PLA K-328 "Leopard" pr.971 repair in the docking chamber CA "Star", Severodvinsk, July 2012 ( http://zvezdochka-ru.livejournal.com ).

PLA K-335 "Cheetah" pr.971 AKULA-III, presumably autumn 2012 (file photo tsonyo, http://forums.airbase.ru ).
- 2012 December 27 - in the media reported that the CA "Star" in 2012 signed a contract with the Russian Ministry of Defense to repair two PLA pr.971 - the first PLA "Leopard" (zav.№832) already enrolled in the CA " Star "in November 2011. In the future, repair and upgrade to CA" Star "is scheduled for all front-line boats of the project - including and from the Pacific Ocean. Also in December 2012, the CA has signed a contract for the repair of all types of titanium submarines "Barracuda" - working with them is planned to conduct a workshop №10 after his conversion. Note - the program repair the Pacific PLA pr.971 on CA "Star" means that the Far Eastern shipbuilding and ship repair yards (Amur CVD SRH "Star") will not be loaded in this work.


PLA K-335 "Cheetah" pr.971 AKULA-III in the floating dock PD-50 on SRH-82, January 2013 (file photo avsky, http://forums.airbase.ru ).

- 2013 March 27 - Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu during a visit to the Kamchatka visited standing in the floating dock of the BAP-71 "Northeast repair center" ("SVRTS" g.Vilyuchinsk) nuclear submarine pr. 971 "brotherly", which is under repair since 2007. From 2008 to repair submarines "Bratsk" has been allocated more than 250 million rubles, but the repair has not been started. Not even done an inventory of the upcoming repairs. On the boat contained on duty crew of 37 people. Earlier it was planned to complete the repair and vysvesti boat mooring trials in December 2012. Now SRH offers to modernize boats valued can be found only billions of rubles. As a result, in the summer of 2013 the PLA "Bratsk" will be sent for repair to other SRH ( source ).


PLA K-391 "Bratsk" pr.971 dock SVRTS in Vilyuchinsk, September 2013 ( http://zvezdochka-ru.livejournal.com ).

- 2013 08 October - in July and August 2014 is planned to transfer submarines K-391 "brotherly" and K-295 "Samara" pr.971 with the Pacific Fleet in Severodvinsk on CA "Star". Translation boats will be carried out by the Northern Sea. Boats will average repair with deep modernization ( source ). Just in 2014 to CA "Star" will go on repair of submarines "Wolf". Transportation Pacific boats will be performed with the help of the ship dock. Talks with the company "Dockwise" conducted. Charts feed dock compatible. By August next year, you must complete the sealing body "brotherly" - this ship is already very long period of time is in the floating dock. NS "Samara" - afloat, her need to perform work on the translation of the main power plant in the nuclear safe condition. In early August, in Avacha Bay Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, the two ships will be delivered on the deck of the ship dock, which the Northern Sea Route will take them into the waters of the "star". This transition will take about three weeks ( source ).


PLA K-263 "Barnaul" pr.971 in FEP "Zvezda", 2012-2013 ( http://eagle-rost.livejournal.com/ ). submarine K-391 "brotherly" and K-461 "Wolf" at the wall SRH "Star", December 2014 ( http: //zvezdochka-ru.livejournal .com / ).



Number pr.971 PLA Navy in the USSR and Russia for years (June 2011).
19881989199019911992199319941995-961997-0120022003-0420052006-082008-0920102011
Pacific Fleet2345566776656545
The Northern Fleet0112345654564556
TOTAL:24578101113121011111010911


PLA Navy pr.971 AKULA in the USSR and Russia:
TitleProjectZav.№NATO2011 JuneNavy, military unit, note
K-284 "Shark"971/09 710501AKULAnot in the NavyPacific Fleet
K-263 "Barnaul"
("Dolphin")
971/09 710502AKULAnot in the NavyPacific Fleet, repair (2009-2010 years). 2013 decision on disposal ( source ).
K-322 "Sperm Whale"971/09 710513AKULAPacific Fleet, aboard №985Pacific Fleet, 10 Division 16 fleet submarines, Fishermen, Krasheninnikov Bay, Kamchatka. Unfinished at the Amur CVD (2009-2012 years)
K-391 "Bratsk"
("Kit")
971/09 710514AKULAnot in the Navy (repair)Pacific Fleet, 10 Division 16 fleet submarines, Fishermen, Krasheninnikov Bay, Kamchatka.
K-480
"Ak Bars"
("Leopard")
971/09 710821AKULAnot in the Navy from 2002Northern Fleet, 2000 - according to unconfirmed reports - Division sludge Gadzhiyevo. Bred in the sludge in 2002, 2009-2010 recycling on CVD "Star" .
K-317 "Panther"971/09 710822AKULASF board №878Northern Fleet. In 2000-2011 GG - 24 Division 12 fleet submarines SF Gadzhiyevo, bay Yagelnaya. In 2006-2007, undergoing renovations to upgrade the avionics on the NSR. 
K-331 "Magadan"
("bump")
971/09 710515AKULAPacific Fleet, aboard №997Pacific Fleet, 10 Division 16 fleet submarines, Fishermen, Krasheninnikov Bay, Kamchatka.
K-461
"Wolf"
971831Improved AKULASF board №867Northern Fleet in service (2010). In 2000 - 24 Division 12 fleet submarines SF Gadzhiyevo, bay Yagelnaya.
K-419 "Kuzbass"
("Walrus")
971516Improved AKULAPacific Fleet, aboard №951Pacific Fleet, 10 Division 16 fleet submarines, Fishermen, Krasheninnikov Bay, Kamchatka. In the repair at the shipyard "Zvezda" in the Big Stone (as of 2012 several years)
K-328 "Leopard"971832Improved AKULASF board №872Northern Fleet in 2000-2011 gg - 24 Division 12 fleet submarines SF Gadzhiyevo, bay Yagelnaya. In 2006, stands in ostoe. From November 2011 to mid-level repair and modernization at the shipyard "Star".
K-154
"Tiger"
971833Improved AKULASF board №853Northern Fleet in 2000-2011 gg - 24 Division 12 fleet submarines SF Gadzhiyevo, bay Yagelnaya. In the ranks (2010).
K-157
"Wild Boar"
971U834AKULA-IISF board №890Northern Fleet in 2000-2011 gg - 24 Division 12 fleet submarines SF Gadzhiyevo, bay Yagelnaya. In summer 2007, the PLA held a warranty repair on SMP. 
K-295
"Samara"
("Dragon")
971517Improved AKULAPacific Fleet, aboard №970Pacific Fleet, 10 Division 16 fleet submarines, Fishermen, Krasheninnikov Bay, Kamchatka.
K-335
"Cheetah"
971M835AKULA-IIISF board №835Northern Fleet, the test is complete, the 20.12.2000, in 2000-2011 gg - 24 Division 12 fleet submarines SF Gadzhiyevo, bay Yagelnaya.
K-152 "Nerpa"971I / 09719518Improved AKULAPFPacific Fleet. Transferred to India in April 2012,

Export:
India:
- 2004 January - signed a contract with India for the completion of the modernization of the PLA pr.971I (K-152 "Nerpa") for subsequent sale in the lease for 10 years. In the Indian Navy submarines to get the name of the INS "Chakra".
- 2007 August 15 - the planned deadline PLA pr.971I customer (announced in 2004). Detained for 10 months with an increase in the prices of lease (10 years) to 785 million USD (the customer refused to co-pay, the starting price probably 650 million USD).
- 2008 June 15 - the second scheduled date of delivery to the customer pr.971I PLA (on lease for 10 years for 650 million. USD).


PLA K-152 "Nerpa" pr.971I in Bolshoi Kamen. Probably in 2008 ( source , photo processed).
- 10-27 July 2009 - PLA "Nerpa" (K-152) pr.971I re-entered the sea trials and successfully passed their (p.Bolshoy Stone, PF).
- 2009 December - the third scheduled deadline PLA pr.971I customer. - 2009 December 28 - PLA "Nerpa" K-152 adopted in the Pacific Fleet of the Russian Navy. The ceremony was held at the receiving ship p.Bolshoy stone in the territory of the GCC "East". Transfer PLA India scheduled for 2010. In the media indicate the following terms of the lease - "rent for 10 years worth 650 mln. USD)". - 2010 03 February - according to media reports the transfer of Indian submarine K-152 "Nerpa" to be held the end of June 2010 - 2010 August 24 - representative of the headquarters of the Pacific Fleet, said that the transfer of the PLA "Nerpa" India will take place in late 2010 - 2010 01 October - the transfer of PLA "Nerpa" India moved to the 1st quarter 2011. Currently, the PLA is trained Indian crew. According to media reports PLA transmitted India for rent for 10 years for 650 million. USD ( if it is not the fault of the media ). - 7 October 2010 - General lirektor "Rosoboronexport" Anatoly Isaykin said that the transfer of the PLA "Nerpa" India will be held as planned - i.e. the end of 2010 - 2011 October 4-5 - in Moscow during the work of the intergovernmental commission agreed to the terms of acceptance tests and acceptance of Indian Navy submarines. Exit to the acceptance tests nak Otori planned to test weapons systems is scheduled for 30.10.2011 Acceptance of boats Indian Navy is expected on 22-23 November 2011 - 30 October 2011 - PLA "Nerpa" did not come out in the sea to the test - no release date called. but there is information about his transfer. Just released information that the reliability of the weapon systems of the boat during the test shall not exceed 35%. Transfer period PLA India as well probably will be transferred. - 2011 December 30 - in the General Staff of the Russian Navy signed a deed of assignment of India PLA K-152 "Nerpa" pr.971I leasing. In the 20 days of January 2012 the boat will go to India. - 19 January 2012 - the period of the planned transfer of submarines K-152 "Nerpa" Indian Navy. 16.01.2012, the announcement of the postponement of January 23 of 20112 - 2012 January 23 - PLA K-152 "Nerpa" pr.971I transferred to the Indian Navy in the factory "Star" in g.Bolshoy Stone. The name of the boat in the Indian Navy - Chakra. - 2012 February 10 - before the specified date PLA Chakra (K-152 "Nerpa") will depart from Vladivostok to the place of permanent deployment - to the base Vizakhapatnam on the east coast of India.


PLA Chakra / K-152 "Nerpa" pr.971I - Improved AKULA on the way to India, the end of March 2012 ( http://www.militaryphotos.net ).

- March 30-31, 2012 - estimated time of arrival of PLA Chakra (K-152 "Nerpa") to the base of Visakhapatnam on the east coast of India (21.02.2012 g). - 4 April 2012 - was officially entered in the PLA operation of the Indian Navy.


PLA Chakra / K-152 "Nerpa" pr.971I - Improved AKULA in the Indian Navy, 2013-2014 gg photo ( http://kuleshovoleg.livejournal.com/ ).

- 2013 March 12 - with reference to the representative of the Russian military-industrial complex media reported that India is ready to finance the completion of the second PLA pr.971I - "Irbis" (zav.№519) - GCC at the Amur (Komsomolsk-on-Amur) with subsequent transfer of the Indian Navy. Durable hull is ready and is in storage at the Amur CVD. - 2014 December 17 - the newspaper Times of India reported that the Indian Navy decided to purchase in leasing in Russia in the second PLA pr.971. Register PLA pr.971 and modifications ( data is continuously refined, sortirovaka date of launching, on 02.13.2014, the version):


Number
of claims
TitleProjectNATOPlant.
number
PlantDate bookmarksDate of launchDate plead.in operationNote
1K-284 "Shark"971/09 710AKULA501By-and-A №19911.11.198327.07.198412/30/1984Pacific Fleet, is derived from the Navy , dates bookmarks and descent there are many different interpretations
2K-263 "Barnaul"
("Dolphin")
971/09 710AKULA502By-and-A №19905/09/198505/28/198630.12.1987PF - 1998 - Boat bred in the sediment. - 2002 - Boat renamed "Barnaul." - 2006 - Boat "for repair" put up against the wall FEP "Zvezda". - 2011 - according to Western data PLA is not in the Navy. - 2011 - with funding from the US on the "Mayak" exported for recycling nuclear fuel NPS boat ( source ). - 2013 - decided to recycling PLA on FEP "Zvezda".






3K-322 "Sperm Whale"971/09 710AKULA513By-and-A №19905.09.198618/07/198730/12/1988PF, repair with modernization (2009-2012 GG - at the Amur CVD).
4K-391 "Bratsk"
("Kit")
971/09 710AKULA514By-and-A №19923.02.198823.02.198829.12.1989there are discrepancies on dates
Pacific Fleet in service (?), according to Western data - in 2011 there is in the Navy. Since 2007, the boat displayed on SRH "SVRTS" (Kamchatka) for repair. Repair as of March 2013 is not carried out, but it is planned after the transfer to the shipyard "Star" in 2014
5K-480
"Ak Bars"
("Leopard")
971/09 710AKULA821Sevmash responsible deliverer - V.M.Chuvakin, commissioning engineer - V.P.Pastuhov22/02/198504/16/1988 (withdrawal from the shop)29.12.1988SF, 10.10.1990, the boat named "Leopard".According to the booklet on "Sevmash" during the life of the boat performed two autonomous combat service and a search operation. 27.04.1996, after the conclusion of the contract with mentoring the Republic of Tatarstan boat renamed "Ak Bars". 2000 - according to unconfirmed reports - Division sludge Gadzhiyevo. Bred in the sludge in 2002, 2009-2010 recycling on CVD "Star" design elements used in the construction of the 3rd Corps SSBNpr.955
6K-317 "Panther"971/09 710AKULA822Sevmash responsible deliverer - V.N.Sorokin, commissioning engineer - V.P.Pastuhov06/11/198611/05/1990 (withdrawal from the shop)21/05/1990 (launch)

12/27/1990 (signed the Act)28.12.1990 (raised flag of the Soviet Navy)

SF, in the ranks.10.10.1990, the boat named "Panther."According to the booklet on "Sevmash" during the life of the boat performed two autonomous combat service and a search operation. In 2000 - 24 th Division PL SF Bay Yagelnaya. In 2006-2007, undergoing renovations to upgrade the avionics on the NSR. According to Western sources - in 2011 in the Navy.
7K-331 "Magadan"
("bump")
971/09 710AKULA515By-and-A №19928.12.198923/06/199012/31/1990Pacific Fleet in service (?). According to Western sources - in 2011 in the Navy
8K-461
"Wolf"
971Improved AKULA831Sevmash responsible deliverer - L.V.Berezovsky, commissioning engineer - S.M.Hviyuzov14/11/198711.06.1991 (output from the shop)29.12.1991 (signed the Act of acceptance)27.01.1992 (raised flag of the Navy)

SF, 07.26.1991, the boat named "Wolf".According to the booklet on "Sevmash" during the life of the boat performed two autonomous military service. In the ranks (2010). In 2000 - 24 th Division PL SF Bay Yagelnaya. According to Western sources - in 2011 in the Navy
9K-419 "Kuzbass"
("Walrus")
971/09 710Improved AKULA516By-and-A №19907/28/199118.05.199231.12.1992Pacific Fleet. In the repair at the shipyard "Zvezda" in the Big Stone (as of 2010 for a few years).
- 14.01.2010, the - agreement on extending the life of systems and equipment ( ist. - INTI "Onega" 2010 ) .
- 2013 - is expected to complete the repair (Media, April 2013).
10K-328 "Leopard"971Improved AKULA832Sevmash responsible deliverer - V.I.Kuznetsov, commissioning engineer - V.P.Pastuhov26/10/198806/28/1992 (withdrawal from the shop)30.12.1992 (signed the Act)15.01.1993 (raised flag of the Navy)

SF, 01.24.1991, the boat named "Leopard".According to the booklet on "Sevmash" during the life of the boat performed four autonomous military service.
- 2000 - The 24th Division PL SF Bay Yagelnaya.
- 2006 - stands in ostoe.
- 2011 - according to Western data in the Navy.
- June 2011 - arrived at the CA "Star" for repair.
- 27.12.2012, the - signed kogntrakt to repair with modernization on pr.971M - the lead ship of the project (the first of 6).
11K-154
"Tiger"
971Improved AKULA833Sevmash responsible deliverer - L.V.Berezovsky, commissioning engineer - S.M.Hviyuzov10/09/198926/06/1993 (withdrawal from the shop)29.12.1993 (signed the Act)05.01.1994 (raised flag of the Navy)

SF, 24.07.1991, the boat named "Tiger".According to the booklet on "Sevmash" during the life of the boat performed two autonomous military service, as a result of one of them, the commander Captain 1st Rank Burilichevu AV Hero of the Russian Federation. In 2000 - 24 th Division PL SF Bay Yagelnaya. In the ranks (2010), according to Western sources - in 2011 in the Navy.
12K-157
"Wild Boar"
971UAKULA-II834Sevmash responsible deliverer - V.N.Sorokin, commissioning engineer - S.A.Belopolsky07/13/199010/12/1994 (withdrawal from the shop)25/11/1995 (signed the Act)30.11.1995 (raised Flag Navy)

SF, 04.06.1993, the boat named "Wild Boar". According to the booklet on "Sevmash" during the life of the boat performed one autonomous combat service and a search operation. In the ranks (2010), in 2000 - 24 th Division PL SF Bay Yagelnaya. In summer 2007, the PLA held a warranty repair on SMP. According to Western sources - in 2011 in the Navy
13K-295
"Samara"
("Dragon")
971Improved AKULA517By-and-A №19907/11/199315/08/199417.07.1995there are discrepancies on dates
of the Pacific Fleet in service (?), according to Western data - in 2011 in the Navy. In 2014, planned to transfer to the shipyard "Star" for repair.
14K-335
"Cheetah"
971MAKULA-III835Sevmash23.09.199117/10/199903.12.200120.12.2000, the test is complete, SF, in service (2010), in 2000 - 24 th Division PL SF Bay Yagelnaya.According to Western sources - in 2011 in the Navy
15K-152 "Nerpa"971I / 09719Improved AKULA518By-and-A №199the actual start of construction - 1987 (source ) tab - 1991 (?)
24-06-200628.12.2009There are discrepancies on dates in 2001 - with a dedicated funding readiness for the year could change by 0.6% ( source ). 2002 - technical readiness as of January 1 - 83.4%, construction of government funding for 2002 was not provided ( source ).Pacific Fleet in ranks, India is expected to pass at the end of 2010 passed the PLA India 23.01.2012 The official ceremony of commissioning submarines commissioned the Indian Navy will be held April 4, 2012






16K-337 "Cougar"971UAKULA-II836Sevmash18.08.1992charged with the construction of 22.01.1998-Construction stopped by Decision №937-73 on 07.12.2000 (source ). design used in the construction of the 1st Corps SSBN K-535 pr.955

17K-333 "Lynx"971UAKULA-II837Sevmash31.08.1993charged with the construction of 06.10.1997-Construction stopped by Decision №937-73 on 07.12.2000 (source ). design used in the construction of the 2nd Corps SSBN pr.955

18K971MAKULA-III838SevmashThe 1992-1993 planremoved from the building in 1997 or earlier at the stage of harvesting reserve-Construction stopped by Decision №937-73 on 07.12.2000 (source ). design used in the construction SSBN pr.955


19K "Irbis"971I /09719Improved AKULA519By-and-A №1991994 (?)--Construction halted in 1996. Construction stopped by the Decree of 07.12.2000 №937-73 Readiness 56.5% (source ). Ready for 2007 of 60%, is on the Amur CVD (2009-2010). The name of the boat "Irbis" probably informal.



20K971MAKULA-III520By-and-A №1991990 (?)--dismantled on the stocks at 25% completion and selling metal plant management
21K971MAKULA-III521By-and-A №1991991 (?)--sold metal (?)
10AK-328 "Leopard"971MAKULA-IV832CA "Star"2013-Plan - 2015 (02.13.2014 g)- 27.12.2012, the - signed kogntrakt to repair with modernization on pr.971M - the lead ship of the project (the first of 6)
Note: This information is compiled on the basis of data from open sources.
The "?" means that the data are tentative and are unconfirmed.


Boats project in the fleet:
YearPFK-284
"Shark"
K-263
"Barnaul"
("Dolphin")
K-322
"Sperm Whale"
K-391
"Bratsk"
("Kit")
K-331
"Magadan"
("bump")
K-419
"Kuzbass"
("Walrus")
K-295
"Samara"
("Dragon")
K-152
"Nerpa"
Head.Number501502513514515516517518
19851Pacific Fleet, 72 br submarine B.Kamen -------
19861PF, PL 72 br-------
19871PF, PL 72 br-------
19882PF, PL 72 brPF
11.01 hoisted flag of the Navy, 72 br submarine B.Kamen
31.12 - 45 div.PL Vilyuchinsk
------
19893PF, PL 72 brPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45th Div PL Vilyuchinsk-----
19904PF, PL 72 brPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45th Div PL Vilyuchinsk----
19915PF, PL 72 brPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div.PLPacific Fleet, 45th Div PL Vilyuchinsk---
19925PF, PL 72 brPF, PL 45 divasPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div.PLPacific Fleet, 45 div. PL---
19935Stood in for repair at FEP "Zvezda"PF, PL 45 divasPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div.PLPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45th Div PL Vilyuchinsk--
19945FEP "Zvezda"PF, PL 45 divasPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div.PL
01.04 is derived from the Standby Force
Pacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div. PL--
19956sucks FokinoPF, PL 45 divasPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div.PLPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45th Div PL Vilyuchinsk-
19966sucks FokinoPF, PL 45 divasPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div.PLPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div. PL-
19976sucks FokinoPF, PL 45 divasPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div.PL
25.02 incorporated into the Standby Force
Pacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div. PLPacific Fleet, 45 div. PL-
19984sucks FokinoPacific Fleet from 01.05 - 10 divas submarine sedimentPacific Fleet from 01.05 - 10 divas PLPacific Fleet from 01.05 - 10 divas submarines
in connection with the termination of Expl. Batteries derived from the Standby Force, awaiting repair
Pacific Fleet from 01.05 - 10 divas PLPacific Fleet from 01.05 - 10 divas PLPacific Fleet from 01.05 - 10 divas PL-
19994sucks Fokino10 divas submarine sedimentPF, PL 10 divasPacific Fleet, 10 divas submarine sedimentPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divas-
20004sucks Fokino10 divas submarine sedimentPF, PL 10 divasPacific Fleet, 10 divas submarine sedimentPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divas-
20014sucks Fokino10 divas submarine sedimentPF, PL 10 divasPacific Fleet, 10 divas submarine sedimentPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divas-
20024sucks Fokino10 divas submarine sedimentPF, PL 10 divasPacific Fleet, 10 divas submarine sedimentPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divas-
20033sucks Fokino10 divas submarine sedimentPF, from 01.06 - 16th esque submarines transported for repair at NEAOctober - staged in SRH VilyuchinskPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divas-
20043FEP "Zvezda" recycling10 divas submarine sedimentASP, awaiting repairsSRH VilyuchinskPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divas-
20053FEP "Zvezda" recycling10 divas submarine sedimentASP, awaiting repairsSRH VilyuchinskPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divas-
20062FEP "Zvezda" recycling10 divas submarine sedimentASP, awaiting repairsSRH VilyuchinskSRH VilyuchinskPF, PL 10 divasPF, PL 10 divas-
20071FEP "Zvezda" recycling10 divas submarine sedimentASP, awaiting repairsSRH VilyuchinskSRH VilyuchinskPacific Fleet submarines divas 10
August - went in for tests B.Kamen PLA "Nerpa".
September-December - emergency repairs on FEP "Zvezda"
PF, PL 10 divas-
20082FEP "Zvezda" recycling10 divas submarine sedimentASP, awaiting repairsstaged in PD-71 to restore the technical readiness and repairPF, PL 10 divasB.KamenPF, PL 10 divas-
20092-10 divas submarine sedimentASP, awaiting repairsPD-71PF, PL 10 divasFEP "Zvezda", repairPF, PL 10 divas-
20103-10 divas submarine sedimentASP, awaiting repairsPD-71PF, PL 10 divasFEP "Zvezda", repairPF, PL 10 divasPF
20113-10 divas submarine sedimentASP, awaiting repairsPD-71PF, PL 10 divasFEP "Zvezda", repairPF, PL 10 divasPF
20121-10 divas submarine sedimentASP, awaiting repairsPD-7128.09 - FEP "Zvezda"FEP "Zvezda", repairPF, PL 10 divasIndian Navy
20131-competition for the disposal ofASP, awaiting repairsannounced the repair CA "Star" since 2014FEP "Zvezda"FEP "Zvezda", renovated
in December - to be completed repair
PF, PL 10 divasIndian Navy
20140-utilizationplanned repair with modernization in the CA "Star"FEP "Zvezda"planned repair with modernization in the CA "Star"Indian Navy

YearSFK-480
"Ak Bars"
("Leopard")
K-317
"Panther"
K-461
"Wolf"
K-328
"Leopard"
K-154
"Tiger"
K-157
"Wild Boar"
K-335
"Cheetah"
Zav.№
821822831832833834835
19891SF 24 divas submarine Gadzhiyevo------
19901SF 24 divas PL------
19912SF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas submarine Gadzhiyevo-----
19923SF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas submarine Gadzhiyevo----
19934SF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas submarine Gadzhiyevo---
19944For those of stopped going out to seaSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas submarine Gadzhiyevo--
19954Hajiyev, sucksSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PL--
19965Hajiyev, sucksSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas submarine Gadzhiyevo-
19973Hajiyev, sucksSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSeverodvinsk, repairApril - GEMs accident at the siteSF 24 divas PL-
19984Hajiyev, sucksSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLOctober - towed to SeverodvinskSF 24 divas PL-
19993Hajiyev, sucksderived from the Standby ForceSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSevmash, repairSF 24 divas PL-
20003Hajiyev, sucks06.09 - in tow withdrawn in Severodvinsk on SevmashSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSevmash, repairSF 24 divas PL-
20013Hajiyev, sucksSevmash, sucksSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSevmash, repairSF 24 divas PL-
20024Hajiyev, sucksSevmash, sucksSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSevmash, repairSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas submarine Gadzhiyevo
20034Hajiyev, sucksSevmash, sucksSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PL
March - SRZ-10, Polar, factory repair
SF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PL
20045Hajiyev, sucksSevmash, sucksSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLJanuary - came out with SRH-10
SF 24 divas PL
SF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PL
20055Hajiyev, sucksMay - put in the dock SevmashSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PL
20064Hajiyev, sucksSevmash, repairSF 24 divas PLSeverodvinsk, repairSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PL
20075Severodvinsk, sucksSevmash, repairSF 24 divas PLSeverodvinsk, repair
SF 24 divas submarines
made ​​practical shooting missile 3M10
SF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PL
20086CA "Star"SF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PL
20096CA "Star", recyclingSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PL
20106CA "Star", recyclingSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PL
20116-SF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PL
July - arrived at the CA "Star" for the repair and modernization
SF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PL
20124-SF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas PLCA "Star", repair and modernizationSF 24 divas PLAccording to unconfirmed reports in reserve with regard to the establishment of a resource aktovnoy reactor coreSF 24 divas PL
20134-SF 24 divas PLSF 24 divas submarines planned repair with modernization in the CA "Star"CA "Star", repair and modernizationSF 24 divas PLn / aSF 24 divas PL
2014-CA "Star", repair and modernization

Sources:
Alekseev AP Samarkin LA, "Barca" pose problems. // Sea collection. №4 / 1997
Alekseev AP Samarkin LA, Boats like "Leopard" - the most low noise domestic nuclear submarines. // Shipbuilding. №1 / 1998
Warships of the Soviet Union and Russia 1945-2005 gg Site http://www.atrinaflot.narod.ru , 2009
The future of Russian strategic nuclear forces - the debate and arguments. MIPT, Dolgoprudny, 1995
In the future new ships. // Severoni week in 2012 ( source ).
Wikipedia. Site http://en.wikipedia.org , 2009 
Russian Navy. We know about the Navy's all. Site http://flot.com , 2009
Annual Report 2011 CA "Star", Severodvinsk, 2012 ( source ).
Ships and destinies. Amur Shipbuilding Plant - 70 years. Khabarovsk "Amur lists", 2002
Koriakin Yu, Russian underwater acoustics: Yesterday, Today. tomorrow. // Military parade. №6 / 2000
To Lenta.ru. Site http://lenta.ru , 2009-2012 gg
Lisochkin I., "Cheetah" - the first nuclear submarine of the XXI century // Website http://shipbuilding.ru , 2003 
Surface ships, submarines, ships and construction of the plant №402 - Northern Machine Building Enterprise (1942-2001 years). Compiled Spirikhin SA Arkhangelsk, OJSC IPP "True North". 2004
INTI "Onega" 2010 Annual Report, 2011 ( source ).
JSC Concern Okeanpribor. Site http://www.oceanpribor.ru , 2009
From "Leopard" to "Cheetah". According to the "Sevmash" booklet (no later than 2012).
AS Pavlov, the submarine project 671. Yakutsk, 1997
Submarine Squadron "Sevmash". Documentary. Studio "Sevmashfilm" 2006
Pyalov VN, significant dates the Russian submarine fleet. // Shipbuilding. Number 2/2010
Pyalov VN, significant dates the Russian submarine fleet. // Sea collection. №7 / 2010
Sazhaev MI, chart the road "Bars". Site http://shturman.vlms.ru , 2004
Northern Fleet in 2000. http://slavic-unity.com , 2009
Taras AE, nuclear submarine fleet 1955-2005. M., ACT, Mn., Harvest, 2006 
Teslyarov BV From Karpovki to the Norwegian Sea. // http://www.submarinersclub.ru , 2009
Labor Watch (newspaper). 15.09.2011
Usov "Indian campaign" "Nerpa" for Moscow and Delhi. // http://www.sudprom.ru , 28.10.2011, the
Forum "stealth machine." Site http://paralay.iboards.ru , 2009
Tsushima forums. Site http://tsushima.su/forums , 2009
Shirokorad AB, fiery sword of the Russian Navy. Moscow, Yauza, Eksmo, 2004
Sturm depth. Site http://deepstorm.ru , 2009
Balancer.ru - materials online http://forums.airbase.ru/ , 2009-2011 gg
Forum Faleristika International. Site  http://forum.faleristika.info , 2005
Jane's Fighting Ships 2004-2005. UK, 2004
Jane's Fighting Ships 2010-2011. UK, 2011
Jane's Major Warships 1997. UK, 1998
MilitaryRussia.Ru. Forum http://militaryrussia.ru/forum/ , 2010
Office of Naval Intelligence. Worldwide submarine challenges. 1996. // Navy and shipbuilding, Digest, Issue 20/21.
Rambo54 ACCORDING Janes & Weyers, http://militaryrussia.ru/forum/ , 2011
U_96. Quo vadis, the Russian navy, part 2. Site http://lj.rossia.org , 2007

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