Tu-160, "Alexander Novikov," board №12 Identification No RF-94109 is probably Engels, 2013 (photo - Vadim,http://russianplanes.net/id107472 ).
Tu-160 "Valery Chkalov" (publication - 2012, photo - V.Savitsky, http://www.mil.ru ).
The second prototype of the Tu-160 (70-03) for the air show MAKS-1995, Zhukovsky, 08/27/1995 (photo Paul nann,http://www.paulnann.com )
The layout of the Tu-160 was approved in late 1977 Production of the first three prototypes (70-01 cars for flight tests, 70-02 for static tests, 70-03 - pre-production aircraft) started in 1977, MMZ "Experience" (production of the fuselage - Kazan aircraft plant, wing and stabilizer - Novosibirsk Aircraft Plant im.V.Chkalova sash gruzootseke - Voronezh aircraft factory, the chassis - the Gorky aircraft plant).At the same time started the preparation of series production at the Kazan aircraft factory №22 (initially deploy planiroalos proizodstvo at Ulyanovsk aviazovode). In May 1980, a prototype was built 70-01 and moved to LII airfield in Zhukovsky. Final assembly of the aircraft completed in January 1981 and started ground testing aircraft. Roll-out of the plane onto the tarmac 70-01 - August 18, 1981 Check systems and equipment commenced October 22, 1981 and November 14, 1981 under the control of the crew B.I.Veremeya plane made the first run. The first photo in the West made on board a commercial aircraft taking off from the airport Bykovo
November 25, 1981 - the plane was named RAM-P ("Ramenskoye" unidentified sample techniques №16). The first flight of the prototype (article 70-01) - 18 December 1981 of (crew B.I.Veremeya, copilot S.T.Agapov, navigators - M.M.Kozel, A.V.Eremenko). Started production of the two experimental series (8 aircraft) at the Kazan aircraft plant. Home Test - 1983 First flight of the Tu-160 pre-series (70-03) - October 6, 1984 (crew S.T.Agapova). The first flight of the first production of the Tu-160 (V.V.Pavlova crew, the plane 01-01 of the first test series) - 10.10.1984, at the second (№01-02) - 16.03.1985, at the third (№02- 01) - 25.12.1985, at the fourth (№02-02) - 15.08.1986, the Tu-160 (№70-01) first reached the speed of sound in the test in February 1985. In the tests lost one aircraft ( №01-02, spring 1987, the crew ejected).
The first two Tu-160 experimental series came in the 184th Guards YES Priluki Ukraine on April 17, 1987 before the completion of state tests. Large-scale production of the Tu-160C (name of the series) in the factory in Kazan Gorbunova - May 1987 state tests Tu-160 conducted in 1989 (completed in the middle of the year, made 4 missile launches X 55). Data on formal acceptance of the Tu-160 into service before 1991 do not. The aircraft set 44 world records (see. Site FAI ). By default, the serial Tu-160. The message on the website of the Ministry of Defense of Russia on 07.02.2012, states that one Tu-160 passes alterations in the modification of the Tu-160M on one of the Russian military-industrial complex (probably at the Kazan aircraft plant ).
Power is provided by an auxiliary power unit TA-12 and 4 x drive-integrated alternator., as well as battery (emergency power supply).
Armament (in 2 bomb bay with revolving ejection PU):